The Ecological Impacts of Livestock
  Grazing in the Arid West

So, what does the science tell us?

Grazing impacts vegetation by:

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Grazing impacts vegetation by:

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     Grazing impacts soils by:

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"Erosion to the extreme"

Grazing impacts wildlife through:

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What’s missing from this “shrub/bunchgrass ecosystem”?

Grazing in riparian zones can lead to profound alterations in:

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The San Pedro River with grazing,




and without

Grazing in riparian zones can lead to profound alterations in:

Grazing can result in secondary, or cumulative impacts to arid ecosystems

Range “Improvements” impact arid ecosystems as well

If the science is so clear, why so much debate?

The ongoing grazing debate is fed by:

How the conservation community is using science to push for grazing reform

Conservationists are using science to achieve grazing reform

Acknowledgements

Questions?